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  • Heathfield, L.J., Haikney, T., Mole, C.G., Finaughty, C., Zachou, A.M. and Gibbon, V.E. (2021). Forensic human identification: Investigation into tooth morphotype and DNA extraction methods from teeth. Science and Justice. 61, 4, 339-344. doi: 10.1016/j.scijus.2021.05.005
  • Heathfield, L.J., Watkins, H., Martin, L.J., and Ramesar, R.S. (2021). Massively parallel sequencing of 43 arrhythmia genes in a selected SUDI cohort from Cape Town. Journal of Pediatric Genetics. In press. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-1726471.
  • Bennett, T., Martin, L.J., and Heathfield, L.J. (2021). Local recommendations for death scene investigation of SUDI cases based on prospective observations. South African Medical Journal. 111(5) 448-452. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i5.15305 
  • Winterbach, M., Hattingh, C. and Heathfield, L.J. (2021). Retrospective study of sudden unexpected death of infants in the Garden Route and Central Karoo districts of South Africa: causes of death and epidemiological factors. South African Journal of Child Health. A15(2), 74-82.


  • Emrith TS, Mole CG, Heyns M. The production of butterfly fractures during bending impact and its use in interpreting impact direction. Aust J Forensic Sci. 2020; doi:10.1080/00450618.2020.1781252.
  • Tawha T, Dinkele E, Mole CG, Gibbon VE. Assessing zygomatic shape and size for estimating sex and ancestry in a South African sample. Sci Justice. 2020; 60(3): 284 – 292. doi: 10.1016/j.scijus.2020.01.003.
  • Heathfield LJ, Bhengu W, Louw S, Martin LJ, Ramesar RS. Assessment of candidate variants causative of inborn metabolic diseases in SUDI cases in South Africa, and a case report.  Int J Legal Med. 2020; Accepted. doi: 10.1007/s00414-020-02337-6.
  • Heathfield, L.J., Martin, L.J., and Ramesar, R.S. (2020). A 5-year retrospective analysis of infant death at Salt River Mortuary, Cape Town. South African Journal of Child Health. 14(3). doi: 10.7196/SAJCH.2020.v14i3.1720
  • Reid, K.M., and Heathfield, L.J.. Allele frequency data for 23 Y-chromosome short tandem repeats (STRs) for the South African population. Forensic Sci Int: Genetics. 2020; 46: 102270. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102270.
  • Reid KM, Martin LJ, Heathfield LJ. Bodies without names: a retrospective review of unidentified decedents at Salt River Medico-Legal Mortuary, South Africa (2010 – 2017). S Afr Med J. 2020; 110(3): 223-228. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i3.14192.
  • Finaughty, C., Reid, K.M., Alli, I.H. and Heathfield, L.J. (2020). A first for forensic genetics in Africa: successful identification of skeletal remains from the marine environment using massively parallel sequencing. Forensic Science International: Genetics. 49, 102370. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102370 
  • Reid, K.M. and Heathfield, L.J. (2020). Evaluation of direct PCR for routine DNA profiling of non-decomposed deceased individuals. Science and Justice. In press. doi: 10.1016/j.scijus.2020.08.004 


  • Mole CG. Trends in manner and cause of death over a 10 year period (2007 – 2016) at a regional forensic pathology facility, Cape Town, South Africa. Aust J Forensic Sci. 2019; 51: S197 – 200. doi: 10.1080/00450618.2019.1569134.
  • Heathfield LJMartin LJ, and Ramesar, RS. Massively parallel sequencing in sudden unexpected death in infants: a case report in South Africa. Forensic Sci Int: Genet Suppl Ser. 2019; 7(1): 459-461. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigss.2019.10.051.
  • Finaughty C, Gibbon VE, Speed B, Heathfield LJ. Lost at sea: A pilot study investigating DNA recovery from teeth in a South African natural marine environment. Forensic Sci Int: Genet Suppl Ser. 2019; 7(1): 580-581. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigss.2019.10.097.
  • Bennett TMartin LJHeathfield LJ. A retrospective study of death scene investigation practices for sudden unexpected death of infants (SUDI) in Cape Town, South Africa. Forensic Sci, Med Pathol. 2019; 16: 49–56. doi: 10.1007/s12024-019-00206-2.
  • Heathfield LJMartin LJ, and Ramesar RS. Considerations of molecular autopsies in forensic cases of sudden unexpected death in infants and children in South Africa. S Afr J Child Health. 2019; 13(1): 2-3. doi:10.7196/SAJCH.2019. v13i1.1573.
  • Bennett T, Martin LJ, Heathfield LJ. Global trends in the extent of death scene investigation performed for sudden and unexpected death of infant (SUDI) cases: A systematic review. Forensic Sci Int. 2019; 301: 435-444. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.06.013.
  • Reid KMMartin LJHeathfield LJ. Evaluation of DNA profiles obtained from deceased individuals at Salt River Mortuary (South Africa).  Aust J Forensic Sci. 2019; 51:sup1, S48-S51. doi: 10.1080/00450618.2019.1569149.
  • Mathews S, Abrahams N, Martin LJ, Lombard C, Jewkes R. Homicide pattern among adolescents: a national epidemiological study of child homicide in South Africa. PLoS ONE. 2019; 14(8):e0221415.  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221415.
  • Auckloo MBKM, Davies BB. Post-mortem toxicology in violent fatalities in Cape Town, South Africa: A preliminary investigation. J Forensic Leg Med. 2019; 63: 18-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.005.
  • du Plessis M, Moller I, Liebenberg L. Double rarity: an unusual case of bromoform poisoning detected by post-mortem radiography. Int J Legal Med. doi: 10.1007/s00414-019-02032-1.
  • du Plessis M, Date-Chong M, Liebenberg L. Lodox®: the invaluable radiographic solution in the forensic setting. Int J Legal Med. 2019. doi: 10.1007/s00414-019-02116-y.
  • Mole CG, Heyns M. Animal models in forensic science research: justified use or ethical exploitation? Sci Eng Ethics. 2019; 25(4): 1095-1110.


  • Peddle L, Otto M. Coronary artery tuberculosis: An unusual case of sudden death. Leg Med. 2018; 30: 56 – 58. doi: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2017.11.008.
  • Makasa I, Heathfield, LJ. A retrospective study of sexual offences in Zambia. J Forensic Legal Med. 2018; 54: 23–33. doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2017.12.009.
  • Slabbert N, Heathfield, LJ. Ethical, legal and social implications of forensic molecular phenotyping in South Africa. Dev World Bioeth. 2018. 18: 171-181. doi:10.1111/dewb.12194.
  • Du Toit C, Martin LJ, Heathfield, LJ. Investigation into abandoned neonates admitted to Salt River Mortuary, Cape Town. Forensic Sci Int. 2018;  292: 232-241. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.09031.
  • Heathfield L, Martin LJ, and Ramesar RS. A systematic review of molecular autopsy studies in sudden infant death cases. J Pediatr Genet. 2018; 7(4): 143-149. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1668079.
  • Kruger MM, Martin LJ, Maistry S, Heathfield, LJ. A systematic review exploring the relationship between infection and sudden unexpected death between 2000 and 2016: a forensic perspective. Forensic Sci Int. 2018; 289: 108-119. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.05.023.
  • Cooke T, Kulenkampff KS, Heyns M, Heathfield, LJ. DNA barcoding of forensically important flies in the Western Cape, South Africa. Genome. 2018; 61(12): 823-828. doi: /10.1139/gen-2018-0054.
  • Matzopoulos R, Simonetti J, Prinsloo M, Neethling I, Groenewald P, Dempers JD, et al. A retrospective time trend study of firearm and non-firearm homicide in Cape Town from 1994 to 2013. S Afr Med J. 2018; 108(3): 197-204. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i3.12756.
  • Tiemensma M, Davies B. Investigating drug-facilitated sexual assault at a dedicated forensic centre in Cape Town, South Africa. Forensic Sci Int. 2018; 288:115-122. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.04.028.


  • Peddle L, Kirk GM. Post-mortem organ weights at a South African Mortuary. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2017; 38: 277 – 282. doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000340.
  • Reid KM, Maistry S, Ramesar RS, Heathfield LJ. A review of the optimisation of the use of formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue for molecular analysis in a forensic post-mortem setting. Forensic Sci Int. 2017; 280: 181-187. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.09.020.
  • Abrahams N, Mathews S, Lombard C, Martin LJ, Jewkes R. Sexual homicides in South Africa: A national cross-sectional epidemiological study of adult women and children. PLoS ONE. 2017; 12(10): e0186432. journal.pone.0186432.
  • Heathfield LJMaistry S, Martin LJ, Ramesar RS, de Vries J. Ethical considerations of forensic genetics research on tissue samples collected post-mortem. BMC Med Ethics. 2017; 18(66): 1-8. doi:10.1186/s12910-017-0225-6.
  • Clark C, Mole CGHeyns M. Patterns of blunt force homicide in the West Metropole of the City of Cape Town, South Africa. S Afr J Sci. 2017; 113: 5-6.


  • Abrahams N, Mathews S, Martin LJ, Lombard C. Gender differences in homicide of neonates, infants, and children under 5 y in South Africa: Results from the cross-sectional 2009 National Child Homicide Study. PLoS Med. 2016; 13(4):e1002003. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002003.
  • Groenewald P, Bradshaw D, Neethling I, Martin, LJ, Dempers J, Morden, E. Linking mortuary data improves vital statistics on cause of death of children under five years in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2016; 21(1):114–121.  doi: 10.1111/tmi.12624.
  • Mathews S, Martin LJ, Coetzee D, Scott C, Brijmohun Y. 2016. Child deaths in South Africa: lessons from the child death review pilot. S Afr Med J. 2016; 106(9):851–852. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i9.11382.4
  • Mathews S, Martin LJ, Coetzee D, Scott C, Naidoo T, Brijmohun Y, et al. The South African child death review pilot: A multiagency approach to strengthen healthcare and protection for children. S Afr Med J. 2016; 106(9): 895-9. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i9.11234.
  • Maistry S, Phillips V. Case Report: A self-inflicted bite mark. S Afr Dent J. 71(2):77–76.
  • Mathews S, Martin LJ. Developing an understanding of fatal child abuse and neglect: Results from the South African child death review pilot study. S Afr Med J. 2016; 106: 12.


  • Kasu M, Shires K. The validation of forensic DNA extraction systems to utilize soil contaminated biological evidence. Leg Med. 2015; 17(4):232–238.  doi: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2015.01.004. 
  • Matzopoulos R, Prinsloo M, Wyk VP, Gwebushe N, Mathews S, Martin LJ. et al. Injury-related mortality in South Africa: a retrospective descriptive study of post-mortem investigations. Bull World Health Organ. 2015; 93:303–313.
  • Tredoux S, Mfolozi S, Shires, K. Efficiency of buccal DNA sampling device in the mortuary. J Forensic Inves. 2015; 3(2):1–6.
  • Mole CGHeyns M, Cloete T. How hard is hard enough? An investigation of the force associated with lateral blunt force trauma to the porcine cranium. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2015; 17(1): 1-8.  doi: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2014.07.008.


  • Heathfield L. Policy required for entry of DNA profiles onto the National Forensic DNA Database of South Africa. S Afr J Sci. 2014; 110(7/8):1–3. doi: 10.1590/sajs.2014/20130374
  • Heathfield LJ, Dalvie S, Kalideen K, Dandara C. Novel CYP2E1 haplotype identified in a South African cohort. S Afr J Sci. 2014; 110(9/10):1-5. doi:10.1590/sajs.2014/20130324
  • Naidoo N, Artz LMartin LJ, Mustafa Z. “A stitch in time…may save nine”: A systematic synthesis of the evidence for domestic violence management and prevention in Emergency Care. Afr Safety Promo Journal. 2014; 12(2):30–48.